Key vocabulary

  • Profession (n.) – the job or series of jobs
  • White-collar worker (n.) – relating to people who work in offices, doing work that needs mental rather than physical effort
  • Blue-collar worker (n.) – relating to people who need strength or physical skill rather than office work
  • Assessment (n.) – the knowledge, skill, attitudes, and beliefs to refine programs and improve student learning
  • Bonus (n.) – an amount of money added to wages on a seasonal basis, especially as a reward for good performance
  • Incentives (n.) – a payment or concession to stimulate greater output or investment
  • CV (n.) – is an abbreviation for Curriculum Vitae
  • Sack (v.) – dismiss from employment
  • Resign (v.) – voluntarily leave a job or other position
  • Retire (v.) – leave one’s job and cease to work, typically upon reaching the normal age for leaving employment
  • Lay off (v.) – is the temporary suspension or permanent termination of employment of an employee
  • Fringe benefits (n.) – an extra benefit supplementing an employee’s salary
  • Notices (n.) = notification or warning of something, especially to allow preparations to be made
  • Resignation (n.) letter – a statement of intent that you will be leaving your job
  • Paternity leave (n.) – a period of absence from work granted to a father after or shortly before the birth of his child
  • Maternity leave (n.) – a period of absence from work granted to a mother before and after the birth of her child
  • Recruit (v.) – enroll (someone) as a member or worker in an organization
  • Sick leave (n.) – leave of absence granted because of illness
  • Strike (n.) – a refusal to do something expected or required, typically by a body of people, with a similar aim
  • Demotion (n.) – a reduction in rank or position
  • Ambitious (adj.) – having or showing a strong desire and determination to succeed.
  • Conscientious (adj.) – (of a person) wishing to do what is right, especially to do one’s work or duty well and thoroughly
  • Diligent (adj.) – having or showing care and conscientiousness in one’s work or duties
  • Methodical (adj.) – done according to a systematic or established form of procedure
  • Punctual (adj.) – happening or doing something at the agreed or proper time; on time
  • A team player (n.) – a person who plays or works well as a member of a team or group
  • Clerical (adj.) – (of a job or person) concerned with or relating to work in an office, especially routine documentation and administrative tasks
  • High-ranking (adj.) – having a senior or important position in a particular hierarchy
  • Probationary (adj.) – relating to a process of testing or observing the character or abilities of a person who is new to a role or job
  • Peripatetic (adj.) – traveling from place to place, in particular working or based in various places for relatively short periods



  • People person – someone who is friendly and enjoys meeting and talking to people
  • Crunch the numbers – to examine and analyze numbers, especially to determine exactly how much money is available
  • Have a lot on your plate – to have a large number of problems to deal with or a large amount of work to do
  • Win-win situation – a result is one that is good for everyone who is involved
  • Test the waters – to find out what reaction an action or idea will get before you do it or tell it to people
  • Ramp up – increase or cause to increase in amount