Types of places

  • Capital city
  • Cathedral city
  • Port
  • Coastal town
  • Industrial town
  • Cosmopolitan city
  • Historic city
  • Seaside town
  • Agricultural town
  • Fishing village
  • Touristy area


Key vocabulary

  • Cost of living (n.) – the level of prices relating to a range of everyday items
  • Pace of life (n.) – used to refer to the speed at which changes and events occur
  • Sense of community (n.) – the feeling that you belong to a community
  • Poverty (n.) – the state of being extremely poor
  • Residential area (n.) – is a land used in which housing predominates, as opposed to industrial and commercial areas
  • Industrial area (n.) – an area outside of a town or city that is designed especially for factories or offices
  • Urban (n.) – relating to, or characteristic of a town or city
  • Rural (n.) – relating to, or characteristic of the countryside rather than the town
  • Heart of the city (n.) – the center of the city
  • Resident (n.) – a person who lives somewhere permanently or on a long-term basis
  • Native (n.) – a person born in a specified place or associated with a place by birth, whether subsequently resident there or not
  • Placid (adj.) – (of a person or animal) not easily upset or excited
  • Bustling (adj.) – (of a place) full of activity
  • Dull (adj.) – lacking interest or excitement
  • Congestion (n.) – the state of being congested
  • Amenities (n.) – a desirable or useful feature or facility of a building or place.



  • Middle of nowhere – far away from any towns and cities and where few people live
  • Back in the day – used for talking about a time in the past, usually when you are remembering nice things about that time
  • Hive of activity – a place where a lot of people are working very hard
  • Home away from home – a place where you feel as comfortable as you do in your own home
  • Road to Damascus – your road to Damascus is an experience you have that you consider to be very important and that changes your life
  • A Spartan life – lacking in anything that makes life easier or more pleasant
  • The talk of the town – a person or thing that many people in a town, city, etc.
  • A ghost town – a town where few or no people now live