FAMILY

Lexicon

Key vocabulary

  • Orphanage (n.) – a residential institution for the care and education of orphans
  • Orphan (n.) – a child whose parents are dead
  • Foster home (n.) – a household in which care is provided to a child who has been orphaned or removed from the home of his or her natural parents
  • Adoption (n.) – is a process whereby a person assumes the parenting of another, usually a child, from that person’s biological or legal parent or parents.
  • Adoptive mother/father – someone who provides a permanent home to a child or children through a legal process.
  • Ancestor (n.) – a person, typically one more remote than a grandparent
  • Descendant (n.) – a person who is descended from a particular ancestor
  • Birth mother (n.) – a woman who has given birth to a child
  • Blood relative (n.) – a person related to another by birth rather than by marriage
  • Bride (n.) – a woman on her wedding day
  • Groom (n.) – a man on his wedding day
  • Eligible (adj.) – (of a person) desirable or suitable as a partner in marriage
  • Engaged (adj.) – having formally agreed to marry
  • Extended family (n.) – a family that extends beyond the nuclear family, including grandparents, aunts, uncles, and other relatives, who all live nearby or in one household
  • Nuclear family (n.) – a couple and their dependent children, regarded as a basic social unit
  • Immediate family (n.) – a defined group of relations, used in rules or laws to determine which members of a person’s family are affected by those rules
  • Family tree (n.) – a chart representing family relationships in a conventional tree structure
  • Foster parents (n.) -people who officially take a child into their family for a period of time, without becoming the child’s legal parents
  • Grown-up (n.) – an adult
  • Hereditary (n.) – (of a characteristic or disease) determined by genetic factors and therefore able to be passed on from parents to their offspring or descendants
  • Heir (n.) – a person legally entitled to the property or rank of another on that person’s death
  • Heiress (n.) – a woman who is legally entitled to the property or rank of another on that person’s death
  • In-laws (n.) – is someone who is a relative because of marriage, like your husband’s sister or your wife’s father. You can refer to your spouse’s entire family as your in-laws
  • Monogamy (n.) – the practice or state of being married to one person at a time
  • Polygamy (n.) – the practice or custom of having more than one wife or husband at the same time
  • Nurture (v.) – care for and encourage the growth or development of
  • Offspring (n.) – a person’s child or children
  • Surrogate mother (n.) – a woman who bears a child on behalf of another woman

 

Expression

  • Wage-earner/breadwinner – one whose earnings are the primary source of support for their dependents
  • Black sheep – a member of a family or group who is regarded as a disgrace to them
  • (Born) out of wedlock – born of married (or unmarried) parents
  • Up and duff – unplanned pregnancy
  • Boys will be boys – used to express the view that mischievous or childish behavior is typical of boys or young men and should not cause surprise when it occurs
  • Like a kid in a candy store – to be so excited about one’s surroundings that one acts in a childlike or silly way
  • Sleep like a baby – to experience a very deep and restful sleep
  • Pop the question – propose marriage
  • Settle down – to begin to live a quiet and steady life by getting a regular job, getting married, etc.
  • (Born) with a silver spoon in his mouth – be born into a wealthy family of high social standing