Environment

Key vocabulary

  • Air quality (n.) -the degree to which the ambient air is pollution-free, assessed by measuring a number of indicators of pollution.
  • Extinction (n.) -the state or process of a species, family, or larger group being or becoming extinct.
  • Climate change (n.) -a change in global or regional climate patterns.
  • Endangered species (n.) -a species of animal or plant that is seriously at risk of extinction.
  • Environmentally friendly (adj.) -not harmful to the environment
  • Exhaust fumes (n.) -gases ejected from an engine as waste products
  • Man-made disaster (n.) -from man-made hazards as opposed to natural disasters resulting from natural hazards
  • Natural disaster (n.) -a natural event such as a flood, earthquake, or hurricane that causes great damage or loss of life.
  • Fossil fuel (n.) -fuel such as coal or diesel, formed from organic material
  • Poacher (n.) – the illegal hunting or capturing of wild animals
  • Conservation (n.) – the prevention of wasteful use of a resource.
  • Contaminate (v.) -make (something) impure by exposure to or addition of a poisonous or polluting substance.
  • Biodiversity (n.) -the variety and variability of life on earth. Renewable energy (n.)
  • Green issues (n.) -the problems with the planet’s systems (air, water, soil, etc.)
  • Reforestation (n.) -the process of replanting an area with trees.
  • Flood (n.) -an overflowing of a large amount of water beyond its normal confines
  • Drought (n.) -a prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall, leading to a shortage of water.
  • Erosion (n.) -the process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water, or other natural agents.
  • Recyclable materials (n.) -materials which can be re-used once reworked
  • Marine life (n.) -living creatures in the sea or ocean

Expression

  • To die out -to become extinct
  • To get back to nature -to live a life that is closer to nature
  • Go green -to adopt an environmentally friendly lifestyle by recycling, buying local, reusing minimizing driving, etc.
  • A green belt -an area of land with fields or parks around a town or city, where people are not allowed to build houses or factories by law.