Speaking Guideline: Environment PART3
- What do you think is the main danger the world faces in terms of the environment?
candidate : Well, I believe that global warming is the most pressing imperilment the earth encounters, alongside overcoming poverty. It’s happening and the World Health organization states that a number of people are already dying each year due to climate change. Unfortunately, it is the poor countries that are bearing the brunt.
- What examples are there of how we damage the natural world?
candidate : Humans impact the physical environment in many ways. There are overpopulation, pollution, burning fossil fuels, and deforestation all over the globe. Changes like these have triggered climate change, soil erosion, poor air quality, and undrinkable water.
- In which ways do we respond well to environmental problems?
candidate : Implementing recycling habits into our daily living is one of the most effective ways to help lessen landfill wastes. In addition, we can also conserve the natural resources, save habitats, reduce pollution, and cut down on energy consumption. These are the things that we must carry out in order to slow down global warming.
- Compared to before, do you think people’s awareness (consciousness) of environmental problems has increased or decreased? How? Why?
candidate : Well, I believe that more and more people understand that we need to sustainably manage our planet’s resources and ecosystems. This mindfulness has been growing for about a century, but has picked up momentum in the past decade. Evidence of deep support for environmental protection is evident in the U.S., Japan and Europe. And as urbanization and economic development grow throughout the world, we are seeing that it is accompanied by increased worldwide consciousness regarding our milieu.
- What do you think your country’s environment will be like in the future (e.g., 20 or 50 years in the future)?
candidate : I deem that in the long term future it will not be much different from how it is at the moment. There will probably be a nominally open space because the population is growing. Consequently, environmental issues will intensify.
- Do older people in your country have the same attitudes towards the environmental problem as young people?
candidate : I think there is a long-running trend that young people care more than old people about protecting the surroundings. It is not an attitude that changes with age, because support for protecting the environment is gradually decreasing among older people. This is probably because they prefer to indulge in their retirement.
- What are some ways that the government could use to help educate people about the environment?
candidate : In my opinion, the administration should make more incentives for people to learn about how they can help at an individual level. If they could educate people by conducting seminars and by implementing more rules about recycling as well, then perhaps we would see a great difference. The authorities should unite and work together to combat these difficulties before it is too late.